This film explores an epic labor strike that devastated Michigan's Copper Country -- and haunts the American labor movement to this day. Among the notable elements of that strike was the death of 73 children at a union Christmas party. That tragedy (attributed to strikebreakers yelling "fire" in a crowded auditorium) was immortalized by Woody Guthrie in his ballad, "1913 Massacre," performed by Steve Earle in the film. The event, known as the Italian Hall Disaster, remains the deadliest unsolved manslaughter in US history. The program traces the Copper Country strike from its hopeful start to that tragic conclusion. Between those endpoints, the film explores the intensifying battle between organized labor and corporate power, as well as related issues of immigration, technology, and unchecked corporate interests. Of equal significance is the strike's cultural legacy, which influenced national discourse, music, and legislation during the Progressive Era and the New Deal. As the centennial of the Italian Hall Disaster approaches, a new generation of Americans has begun paying tribute to the victims, while also deliberating the strike's causes, outcomes, and legacy. (Source: PBS)
Richard Harris narrates this account of a 1913 strike in Michigan's Copper Country that was punctuated by tragedy: 73 people, mostly children, died in what came to be known as the Italian Hall Disaster after "fire" was yelled at a union Christmas party, causing a stampede for the exit. The tragedy was memorialized by Woody Guthrie in his song "1913 Massacre," which is performed here by Steve Earle.